マンザナー日系アメリカ人強制収容所 Ansel Adams Captures Life on a Japanese Internment Camp

マンザナー強制収容所(まんざなーきょうせいしゅうようじょ、マンザナールとも、Manzanar concentration camp)は、第二次世界大戦中に日系アメリカ人が収容された収容所の一つ。正式名称は「Manzanar War Relocation Center(当時の訳語はマンザナール戦時轉住所)」、現在はマンザナー国定歴史史跡(Manzanar National Historic Site)。マッキンリー山を除く北米大陸の最高峰であるホイットニー山(マンザナー収容所の敷地からも、かろうじて見ることが出来る)、ならびに、ウィリアムソン山を含むシエラネヴァダ山脈のふもと、カリフォルニア州オーエンズヴァレー(モハベ砂漠、デスヴァレーに連なる)に位置し、南はローンパイン、北はインディペンデンスに接する。日系アメリカ人が収容された10の収容所の中で最もよく知られている。「マンザナー」とはスペイン語で「リンゴ園」を意味する。
建造物のほとんど全てが1940年代に売却され、土地はロサンゼルス市水道電力局(Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, LADWP)に返却された(1942年に同局から賃貸されていた)。しかしながら人々の関心は国立公園局に同地区を史跡として保存させることとなる。現在国立公園局はバラックとトイレの複製を構築している。

Manzanar (which means ‘apple orchard’ in Spanish), is the site of one of ten camps where over 110,000 Japanese Americans were imprisoned during World War II. Located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada in California’s Owens Valley between the towns of Lone Pine to the south and Independence to the north, it is approximately 230 miles (370 km) northeast of Los Angeles.Since the last prisoners left in 1945, former prisoners and others have worked to protect Manzanar and to establish it as a National Historic Site to preserve and interpret the site for current and future generations
In 1943, Ansel Adams (1902-1984), America’s most well-known photographer, documented the Manzanar War Relocation Center in California and the Japanese-Americans interned there during World War II.

Manzanar street scene, spring, Manzanar – 1943

Farm, farm workers, Mt. Williamson in background – 1943

Tom Kobayashi, landscape, south fields, Manzanar – 1943

Electric line crew at work in Manzanar – 1943

Mrs. Ryie Yoshizawa, teacher, fashion designing class – 1943

C.T. Hibino, artist, Manzanar – 1943

Akio Matsumoto, commercial artist – 1943

Bert K. Miura, pattern making, Manzanar – 1943

In biology class, high school, Manzanar – 1943

Roy Takeno’s desk, Manzanar – 1943

Frank Hirosama in laboratory, Manzanar – 1943

Masao Nakazawa, chemistry teacher, Manzanar – 1943

Yonehisa Yamagami, electrician, Manzanar – 1922

Corporal Jimmie Shohara, Manzanar – 1943

Richard Kobayashi, farmer with cabbages, Manzanar – 1943

Mrs. Dennis Shimizu, Manzanar – 1943

Baseball game, Manzanar – 1943

Football practice, Manzanar – 1943

Volleyball Game, Manzanar – 1943

Japanese-style garden with pool, Pleasure Park, Manzanar – 1943

Cattle in south farm, Manzanar – 1943

Monument in cemetery, Manzanar – 1943

Roy Takeno, editor, and group reading paper in front of office – 1943

Two young men in co-op goods store, Manzanar – 1943

Nurse Aiko Hamaguchi, Harry Sumida and Michael Yonemetsu in hosposital

Nurse Aiko Hamaguchi, patient Tom Kano, Manzanar – 1943

Bridge game, Nurse Hamaguchi and friends, Manzanar – 1943

Roy Takeno and Mayor, town hall meeting, Manzanar – 1943

Tatsuo Miyake (student of divinity), Manzanar – 1943

Calesthenics, Manzanar – 1943

Tom Kobayashi, Landscape, Manzanar – 1943

Boys Huddles Around a Book, Manzanar – 1943

Mr. Matsumoto with a group of children, Manzanar – 1943

School children, Manzanar – 1943

Packing up, Manzanar – 1943


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